The SGIs’ Democracy Index is oriented toward the institutional and organizational realization of sound democratic standards. Its normative reference point is an ideal representative democracy. The SGI criteria by which government systems in the OECD and EU are measured derive from those dimensions identiﬁed by democratic theory as most signiﬁcant, and contain key indicators by which the quality of democracy can be assessed. In total, 15 qualitative indicators, comprising four criteria, are used to evaluate the fabric of democracy in each country. Criteria include the following:
Assessment criteria for the quality of democracy
- The electoral process, which includes the rules governing political-party ballot qualification and voter registration as well as the issue of party financing; for the first time, this edition of the SGI also evaluates direct-democracy structures and participation opportunities
- The public’s access to information, which can be measured by the extent of media freedoms and media pluralism
- Civil rights and political liberties
- The rule of law, including legal certainty, the judicial review of laws and the prevention of corruption
Changing the way we look at communication: putting the spotlight on listening
Theorizing listening’s multifarious functions has meaningful potential for critical communication studies. I argue that our understanding of listening can be enriched by examining the discourses of the U.S. radical lesbian feminist Andrea Dworkin. Employing and extending McRae’s method of performative listening, I argue that Dworkin’s rhetoric can be read as a theory and practice of radical, caring listening that promotes social change and moves us toward collective action.
The results of the Media Pluralism Monitor 2015 show that no European country is free from risks
The MPM2015 report is available athttp://monitor.cmpf.eui.eu/mpm2015/results/ along with a series of visualisations, country reports and accompanying data
The spanish team : José María Herranz de la Casa, Susana de la Sierra, Juan Luis Manfredi Sánchez (University of Castilla-La Mancha)
Luis Palacio Llanos (Digimedios)
The results for Spain are here: http://monitor.cmpf.eui.eu/mpm2015/results/spain/
The Centre for Media Pluralism and Media Freedom (CMPF) has released the 2015 edition of Media Pluralism Monitor, one of Europe’s principal measures of the risks to media pluralism.
The Monitor has examined 19 EU countries in 2015 and the results show thatnone of these countries is free from risks.
The Media Pluralism Monitor (MPM) is a tool that helps policymakers, researchers, and civil society to understand the threat to media pluralism in different media systems through research, analysis and the comparison of country data.
According to Graham Murdock (University of Loughborough), in a communications environment increasingly organised around digital networks, and with dominant players (such as Google, Facebook, Amazon and Apple) based outside the UK, there is a compelling case for a digital commons and therefore an extension of the BBC’s public service remit. In the UK, the BBC offers ‘the only effective institutional base for a comprehensive alternative to this corporate annexation of the internet’. Furthermore, as Murdock argues, there are series of issues such as the ecological impact of infrastructures, the open source movement, and internationalisation of networks, which all need to be taken into account in policy making processes. Read Murdock’s submission in full here.
In this report, we examine how public service media in six European countries (Finland, France, Germany, Italy, Poland, and the United Kingdom) are delivering news in an increasingly digital media environment. The analysis is based on interviews conducted between December 2015 and February 2016, primarily with senior managers and editors as well as on survey data from the Reuters Institute Digital News Report.
Traditional television viewing is falling, and the rapid rise of online video viewing continues. If television news providers fail to respond to these profound shifts in how people use media, they risk eventually becoming irrelevant, a new report from the Reuters Institute for the Study of Journalism, University of Oxford warns.